Digital China: Managing Social Media and Political Behavior during Political
Change (with Ting Luo), book manuscript.

Media Commercialization and Authoritarian Rule in China, 2013. Cambridge University Press, Communication, Society and Politics Series. Online Appendix; Data. Look Inside or view a prezi.

In peer-reviewed journals:

“Who is a PRC user? Comparing Chinese Social Media User Agreements” (with Felix Garten and Ting Luo), First Monday 25(8), 2020.

“The Political Position Generator: A New Instrument for Measuring Political Ties in China” (with Keri Hartman and Ting Luo), Social Networks 63, 2020: 70-79.

“Designing Authoritarian Deliberation: How Social Media Platforms Influence Political Talk in China” (with Ting Luo and Mingming Shen), Democratization 27(2), 2019: 243-264.

“Towards Area-Smart Data Science: Critical Questions for Working with Big Data from China,”
Policy and Internet, Special Issue on Big Data from China (In Press).

“Who is afraid of the Chinese State? Evidence Calling into Question Political Fear as Explanation of Overreporting of Political Trust,” Political Psychology, (In Press).

“Which Social Media Facilitate Online Public Opinion in China?” (with Ting Luo). Problems of Post-Communism 64(3-4), March 2017: 189-202.

“Support for Propaganda: Chinese Perceptions of Public Service Advertising,” Journal of Contemporary China 26(103), January 2017: 101-117.

“Greasing the Reels: Advertising as a Means of Campaigning on Chinese Television,” The China Quarterly, Special Section on the Chinese Media, 208, December 2011: 851-869. (Organizer of Special Section).

“Race to the Bottom: Media Marketization and Increasing Negativity Toward the United States in China,” Political Communication (Special Issue on Political Communication in China), 28(3), August 2011: 268-290. Online Appendix; USCATA Data Documentation. (Republished with Routledge)

“Remote Control: How the Media Sustains Authoritarian Rule in China”  (with Mary E. Gallagher). Comparative Political Studies, 44(4), April 2011: 436-467. Online Appendix.

“Who Believes Propaganda? Media Effects during the Anti-Japanese Protests in Beijing.” The China Quarterly, 202, June 2010: 269-289. Online Appendix and a Note on Table A1.

“One Size Doesn’t Fit All: Measuring News Reception East and West,” The Chinese Journal of Communication, 2(2), July 2009: 140-157.

In edited volumes:

“Media or Corporations? Social Media Governance between Public and Commercial Rationales.” in Helmut K. Anheier and Theodor Baums, eds. Advances in Corporate Governance: Comparative Perspectives, Oxford University Press (2020).

“Authoritarian Deliberation 2.0: Lurking and Discussing Politics in Social Media in China” in Michael Delli-Carpini, ed. Digital Media and Democratic Futures, University of Pennsylvania Press (2019).

“Lost Umbrellas: Bias and the Right to be Forgotten in Social Media Research” (with Rebekah Tromble). In Michael Zimmer and Katharina Kinder-Kurlanda, eds, In Press. Internet Research Ethics for the Social Age: New Cases and Challenges. New York: Peter Lang Publishers. (In Press)

“Responsive Authoritarianism in Chinese Media.” In Avery Goldstein and Jacques deLisle, eds, 2015. Challenges to Regime Stability in China. Philadephia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

“The Chinese Internet Audience: Who Seeks Political Information Online?.” In Hanspeter Kriesi, Daniel Kübler, and Lisheng Dong, eds, 2015. Urban Mobilization and New Media in Contemporary China. London: Ashgate.

“Xinxi chaozai shidai ruhe kexue chuli yanjiu ziliao (Information Overload? Collecting, Managing, and Analyzing Chinese Media Content).” In Allen Carlson, Mary Gallagher, Kenneth Lieberthal, and Melanie Manion, eds, 2014. Contemporary Chinese Politics: New Sources, Methods, and Field Strategies. Beijing: Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Press. (In Chinese; English version published with Cambridge University Press in 2010).

“Greasing the Reels: Advertising as a Means of Campaigning on Chinese Television.” In Michael Keane and Wanning Sun, eds, 2013. Chinese Media London: Routledge.

“Media Influence on Ethnocentrism Towards Europeans.” In Lisheng Dong, Zhengxu Wang, Henk Dekker, eds, 2013. China and the European Union. London: Routledge.

“Meiti zai kandai ouzhouren shi dui minzu zhongxin zhuyi de yingxiang (Media Influence on Ethnocentrism Towards Europeans).” In Lisheng Dong et al., eds, 2012. Latest Data, Contributing Factors and Policy Implications, (Beijing: China Social Sciences Academic Press), pp. 257-76. (Republished with Routledge).

“Race to the Bottom: Media Marketization and Increasing Negativity Toward the United States in China.” In Wenfang Tang and Shanto Iyengar, eds, 2012. Political Communication in China: Convergence or Divergence Between the Media and Political System? London: Routledge. Online Appendix; USCATA Data Documentation.

“What Information Does the Public Demand? Getting the News during the 2005 Anti-Japanese Protests.” In Susan Shirk, ed, 2011. Changing Media, Changing China. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Online Appendix.

“Information Overload? Collecting, Managing, and Analyzing Chinese Media Content.” In Allen Carlson, Mary Gallagher, Kenneth Lieberthal, and Melanie Manion, eds, 2010. Contemporary Chinese Politics: New Sources, Methods, and Field Strategies. New York: Cambridge University Press. Online Appendix.

“Chinese Attitudes Toward the United States and Americans,” (with A. Iain Johnston). In Peter Katzenstein and Robert Keohane, eds, 2007. Anti-Americanisms in World Politics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Online Paper.

Policy Paper:

“Beyond Regulation: Approaching the Challenges of the New Media
Environment” (with Rafael Goldzweig, Marie Wachinger, and Andrea
Römmele), Dahrendorf Forum IV, Working Paper No. 06, 11 December

Media Influence on Ethnocentrism towards Europeans. Policy Paper Series on Chinese Views of the EU: Disaggregating Chinese Perceptions of the EU and Implications for the EU’s China Policy, funded under the 7th Framework Programme of the Commission of the European Union (FP-7), 2011.

Other articles and reviews:

“China’s Cat-and-Mouse Game Blocking Web Content no Model for EU,” EU-Observer, May 20, 2020.

“Shuwei Shidai de Jiaxinwen” (What is Fake News in the Digital Age?). Hanxue Yanjiu Tongxun (Newsletter for Research in Chinese Study), 147(107), August 2018: 7-13. (In Chinese)

BookReview. Timothy Hildebrandt, Social Organizations and the Authoritarian State in China. Perspectives on Politics (In Press).

“Responsive Authoritarianism in Chinese Media and Other Authoritarian Contexts.” Political Communication Report, 25(1), April 2015.

BookReview. James Reilly, Strong Society, Smart State. China Quarterly, 210, June 2012: 515-516. (Copyright: China Quarterly)

Book Review. Martin King Whyte, Myth of the Social Volcano. Journal of Chinese Political Science, 17(2), June 2012: 211-212.

Gongyi Guanggao de Yingxiangli Diaocha (A Survey on the Influence of Public Service Announcements).  Zhongguo Gongyi Guanggao Nianjian (China Yearbook for Public Service Announcements), 2011. (In Chinese)

Book Review. Young Nam Cho, Local People’s Congresses in China: Development and Transition. Perspectives on Politics 8(4), December, 2010: 1247-1248.

Google en oeroude duiven: Hoe de publieke opinie in China wordt gestuurd (Google and ancient pigeons: How public opinion is guided in China). China Nu (China Now), 2, Zomer, 2010: 22-25. (In Dutch)

Book Review.  Haiqing Yu, Media and Cultural Transformation in China. China Information, 24(1), March, 2010: 114-115.

Media appearances:

Contributor to (Mercator Institute for China Studies).

Interviews and conversations with Volkskrant, Voice of America, Sinica Podcast, NRC-Handelsblad, NRC-Next, Weekend Avisen, ARD German Television, and various blogs and Chinese media outlets.

Journalist for Sueddeutsche Zeitung and Bayerischer Rundfunk (Bavarian Broadcasting), 1997 – 2000.


When the Internet was introduced to China in 1994 soon this new communication technology posed a challenging puzzle to the Chinese Communist Party: how can the state support the development of interactive digital technology that required a certain degree of openness while at the same time also inhibiting its potentially destabilizing effects? Original data collected during the Hu Jintao era in 2008 and Xi Jinping era in 2018 reveal that the state manages digital platforms based on a combination of opening space for citizen participation required for technological development, while also developing technological and institutional infrastructure to manage and control participation in these participatory spaces, when necessary. The state thus can reap the benefits of digital transformation, while also keeping its destabilizing effects under control. Even under the more tightly controlled and personalized leadership of Xi Jinping Chinese citizens overall perceive these developments as positive, emphasizing the power of digital technology for greater openness and convenience. This will be the first book that focuses on the user perspective of digital governance in China, drawing on nationally representative data on Chinese Internet users.